Mitral Valve Regurgitation / Mitral Valve Prolapse
One of the main cause of development of mitral valve disease in India is rheumatic disease. In rheumatic disease patients aquire the immune hypersensittvity by sore throat caused by strptococus and slowly the antibodies work against patients ownvalve and cause them to wear out. Mitral valve disease may be due mitral valve prolapse syndrome, a poorly understood phenomena in which the valve slowly becomes thickened, elongated and begins to regurgitate blood back into the upper chamber of the heart causing heart failure. The mitral valve somewhat resembles a parachute in that long chords hold it in place.
These chords may rupture and result in sudden worsening of the valve leakage. Thanks to advances in modern surgical techniques, most cases of mitral valve prolapse can undergo repair of the valve thus preventing the need for placement of an artificial valve. Repair can be performed in 90-95% of cases of mitral leakage due to prolapse syndrome. This allows the patient to be treated postoperatively with simple blood thinners such as baby aspirin rather than the more powerful anticoagulant Coumadin required after most valve replacements and which has some potentially serious side effects. Another cause of the mitral valve regurgitation is mitral valve prolapse due to myxomatous degeneration . Dr. Bipeenchandra Bhamre and his team have vast experiences with mitral valve repair and replacement and can discuss the options carefully and honestly with the patient.